- ezion-geber ). Numerous temple gifts, including a partly gilded copper snake, a neḥushtan of Midianite origin, and finds in the smelting camp indicate that the Egyptians operated the copper industry of Timna together with the Midianites, Kenites, and, probably, the Amalekites from the central Negev, i.e., the indigenous inhabitants of the area, possessing metallurgical traditions going back to prehistoric times, as reflected in Genesis 4:22. The Egyptian-Midianite temple and copper industry, built in the Arabah at a time close to the Exodus, and the numerous objects found in the excavations contribute materially to understanding of the cultural and social relations between the tribes of Israel at the time of Moses and the Midianites and Kenites, through the Midianite priest Jethro, father-in-law and adviser to Moses. The mines of Timna were not operated after the 12th century B.C.E., except during the second to fourth centuries C.E., apparently by soldiers of the third Roman legion (of Cyrenaica). At this time copper ore was transported from Timna to the large copper furnace at Be'er Orah (Ar. Bīr Hindis), south of Timna, the site of which was excavated in 1969. (Beno Rothenberg) The modern Timna Copper Works in the hills of Eilat, 15 mi. (25 km.) north of Eilat, were opened in 1959 and produce copper cement (with a content of approximately 80% pure copper) from sedimentary ores mined in open pits and shafts over an area of approximately 8½ sq. mi. (22 sq. km.). The works, employing more than 1,000 persons, increased its production from 5,000 tons (equivalent of pure copper) in 1962 to 14,000 tons in 1968. Nearly all the employees of the Timna Works were residents of Eilat; the site itself did not have a permanent population. The modern works were first closed in 1976 owing to an economic crisis in the copper industry. They was reopened in 1980 and permanently closed in 1985. Subsequently the Timna site became a tourist and recreation site, with a park offering visitors numerous attractions: the archaeological antiquities of the Shrine of Hathor and the Chariot Rock Drawings (drawings dating from the Egyptian-Midianite period carved on stones and describing the rituals and lifestyles of people who used to live in the area); the natural phenomenon of The Arches (natural arches formed by erosion); Solomon's Pillars (red sandstone cliffs that have been sculpted into pillar-shaped ridges jutting outward and formed by centuries of water erosion); The Mushroom (a mushroom-shaped rock that was carved by the natural forces of humidity and wind); and a few others, such as the multimedia "Mines of Times" shown in the new visitors' centers and the Timna Lake, an artificial lake designed for recreational activities. (Efraim Orni / Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, 4 (1927), 204; F. Frank, in: ZDPV, 57 (1934), 191–280; N. Glueck, Rivers in the Desert (1959), 36; B. Rothenberg, in: PEQ, 94 (1962), 5–71; idem, Ẓefunot Negev (1967), index; idem, in: Museum Haaretz. Bulletin, 8 (1966), 86–93 (Eng. section); B. Rothenberg and A. Lupu, ibid., 9 (1967), 53–70 (Eng. section); B. Rothenberg and E. Cohen, ibid., 10 (1968), 25–35 (Eng. section); B. Rothenberg, ibid., 11 (1969), 22–38 (in Eng. section); ibid., 12 (1970); PEQ, 101 (1969), 57–59; idem, in: Illustrated London News, 255 (Nov. 15, 1969), 32–33; 255 (Nov. 29, 1969), 28 WEBSITE: timna-park.co.il/heb\_timna.html .
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Timna — (en Árabe,تمنع) es una antigua ciudad de Yemen, capital del reino de Qataban. No tienen nada que ver con la ciudad homónima de Timna del sur de Israel. En la antigüedad, Timna fue una importante escala en la famosa ruta del incienso, que unía… … Wikipedia Español
Timna — (Arabic,تمنة) is an ancient city in Yemen, the capital of the Qataban kingdom; it is distinct from a city in Southern Israel that shares the same name. During ancient times, Timna was an important hub in the famous Incense Route (which supplied… … Wikipedia
Timna — Timnạ, ehemalige Kupferminen im Süden Israels, 25 km nördlich von Elat im östlichen Negev; die Förderung wurde 1976 wegen Unrentabilität eingestellt. Das Erz tritt verschiedentlich als Malachit auf (»Elatstein«). Bei Ausgrabungen wurden u. a.… … Universal-Lexikon
Timna — 15.00166666666745.815833333333 Koordinaten: 15° 0′ N, 45° 49′ O … Deutsch Wikipedia
Timnaʿ — ▪ Israel copper mining (copper) site, in the southern Negev, Israel, north of Elat. The presence of copper in Palestine is mentioned in the Bible, and archaeologists have identified remnants of ancient smelting operations at Timnaʿ, complete… … Universalium
Timna — Asite in the Wadi Arabah that lies between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea alongside the south Negev desert. The area is rich in copperore and has been mined since Chalcolithic times. The site was excavated from 1964–1970, 1974–1976, and… … Ancient Egypt
Timna — biblischer Name hebräischen Ursprungs, Bedeutung angelehnt an einen Ortsnamen … Deutsch namen
Timna — n. region in southern Israel; secondary wife of Esau s son Eliphaz (Biblical); Duke of Edom … English contemporary dictionary
Timna Brauer — (Wien 2008) Timna Brauer (* 1. Mai 1961 in Wien) ist Sängerin und betätigt sich auch in anderen künstlerischen Sparten. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Timna Brauer — (nacida en Viena, el 1 de mayo de 1961) es una cantante austriaca; es hija del artista, escritor y cantante Arik Brauer. Está casada con el pianista israelí Elias Meiri con quien colabora. Ambos tienen raíces yemenitas. Representó a Austria en el … Wikipedia Español